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General, # Bahasa Inggris, Irregular verb, kata kerja tidak teratur, verb,
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Dalam Bahasa Inggris terdapat dua jenis kata kerja, yaitu kata kerja regular verb dan irregular verb. Irregular verb/kata kerja tidak teratur dapat dilihat pada bentuk V1 (present) berbeda dengan bentuk V2 (simple past) dan V3 (past participle). Daftar kata kerja tidak teratur (irregular verb) dapat dilihat pada tabel berikut.

Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle Bahasa Indonesia
alight alighted, alit alighted, alit bercahaya
arise arose arisen bergerak ke atas(bangun/berdiri)
awake awoke, awaked awoken, awaked bangun tidur, bangun
be was, were been menjadi
bear bore borne, born membawa, memiliki, menyimpan
beat beat beaten, beat memukul, mengalahkan
become became become menjadi
beget begot begotten memperanakkan, menurunkan
begin began begun memulai, mulai,mengawali
bend bent bent membengkokkan
bereave bereaved, bereft bereaved, bereft kehilangan
beseech besought, beseeched besought, beseeched memohon
bet bet, betted bet, betted bertaruh, yakin
bid bade, bid bidden, bid, bade penawaran
bide bade, bided bided bidemenunggu
bind bound bound mengikat, melingkari
bite bit bitten menggigit
bleed bled bled berdarah, terluka
bless blessed, blest blessed, blest memberkahi, merestui, mendoakan
blow blew blown meniup
break broke broken merusak, menghancurkan
breed bred bred membiakkan, menciptakan
bring brought brought membawa
broadcast broadcast, broadcasted broadcast, broadcasted menyiarkan
build built built membangun
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned membakar
burst burst burst meledakkan
bust bust, busted bust, busted meletus, bangkrut
buy bought bought membeli
can could (kein Participle) bisa, dapat
cast cast cast melempar, mencetak
catch caught caught menangkap
choose chose chosen memilih
cleave cleft, cleaved, clove cleft, cleaved, cloven membelah, memotong, memecah
cling clung clung berpegang teguh
clothe clothed, clad clothed, clad membelikan pakaian, memakaikan baju
come came come datang
cost cost cost harga, membutuhkan biaya
creep crept crept merayap, menakuti (informal)
crow crowed crew, crowed berkokok, bangga
cut cut cut memotong
deal dealt dealt setuju, menyetujui
dig dug dug menggali, mencari
do did done melakukan
draw drew drawn menggambar
dream dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed bermimpi
drink drank drunk minum
drive drove driven mengendarai, menyetir
dwell dwelt, dwelled dwelt, dwelled tinggal, menghuni
eat ate eaten makan
fall fell fallen jatuh
feed fed fed memberikan makanan, memberikan informasi
feel felt felt merasakan
fight fought fought berjuang, bertarung, berkelahi
find found found menemukan
flee fled fled melarikan diri
fling flung flung melemparkan, menghempaskan
fly flew flown terbang
forbid forbad, forbade forbid, forbidden melarang
forecast forecast, forecasted forecast, forecasted meramalkan
forget forgot forgotten melupakan, lupa
forsake forsook forsaken meninggalkan, mengabaikan
freeze froze frozen membeku
geld gelded, gelt gelded, gelt mengebiri
get got got, gotten mendapatkan
gild gilded, gilt gilded, gilt menyepuh
give gave given memberikan
gnaw gnawed gnawed, gnawn menggerogoti
go went gone pergi
grind ground ground menghaluskan
grip gripped, gript gripped, gript memegang, menarik
grow grew grown tumbuh
hang hung hung menggantungkan
have had had mempunyai
hear heard heard mendengar
heave heaved, hove heaved, hove membongkar, mengangkat
hew hewed hewed, hewn menebang
hide hid hidden, hid menyembunyikan
hit hit hit memukul, menabrak, menghantam
hold held held memegang
hurt hurt hurt menyakiti
keep kept kept menjaga, menyimpan
kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled berlutut, bersujud
knit knitted, knit knitted, knit merajut
know knew known mengetahui, mengenal
lay laid laid meletakkan
lead led led memimpin
lean leant, leaned leant, leaned menyandarkan
leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped melompati
learn learnt, learned learnt, learned belajar, mempelajari
leave left left meninggalkan
lend lent lent meminjamkan
let let let membiarkan, mengizinkan
lie lay lain berbohong
light lit, lighted lit, lighted menerangi
lose lost lost kalah
make made made membuat
may might (kein Participle) boleh, mungkin
mean meant meant berarti
meet met met bertemu
melt melted molten, melted meleleh
mow mowed mown, mowed menyiangi
pay paid paid membayar
pen pent, penned pent, penned menuliskan sesuatu
plead pled, pleaded pled, pleaded membela
prove proved proven, proved membuktikan
put put put meletakkan, menaruh
quit quit, quitted quit, quitted melapisi
read read read membaca
rid rid, ridded rid, ridded membersihkan, melemparkan
ride rode ridden menaiki, mengendarai
ring rang rung menelpon, menghubungi, menyembunyikan
rise rose risen naik, terbit, bangun
run ran run lari
saw sawed sawn, sawed menggergaji
say said said mengatakan
see saw seen melihat
seek sought sought mencari
sell sold sold menjual
send sent sent mengirim
set set set mengatur
sew sewed sewn, sewed menjahit
shake shook shaken mengocok
shall should (kein Participle) akan, seharusnya
shear sheared shorn, sheared mencukur
shed shed shed mencucurkan
shine shone shone berkilau, bersinar
shit shit, shitted, shat shit, shitted, shat membuang air besar
shoe shod, shoed shod, shoed memasangi ladam, memberi tapal besi
shoot shot shot menembak
show showed shown, showed menunjukkan
shred shred, shredded shred, shredded mencabik, mengiris
shrink shrank, shrunk shrunk mengecilkan
shut shut shut menutup
sing sang sung menyanyi
sink sank sunk tenggelam, karam
sit sat sat duduk
slay slew slain membunuh
sleep slept slept tidur
slide slid slid meluncur
sling slung slung menyandang, menggantungkan
slink slunk slunk menyelinap
slit slit slit membuat celah, membelah, menggorok
smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled mencium bau
smite smote smitten memukul
sow sowed sown, sowed menabur
speak spoke spoken berbicara
speed sped, speeded sped, speeded kecepatan
spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled mengeja
spend spent spent menghabiskan
spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled menumpahkan
spin spun spun memutar
spit spat spat meludah
split split split membagi
spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled memanjakan
spread spread spread sebaran
spring sprang, sprung sprung melompat
stand stood stood berdiri
steal stole stolen mencuri
stick stuck stuck melekat, lengket
sting stung stung menyengat
stink stank, stunk stunk berbau busuk
stride strode stridden melangkah
strike struck struck menyerang
string strung strung merentangkan
strive strove striven berjuang
swear swore sworn bersumpah
sweat sweat, sweated sweat, sweated berkeringat
sweep swept swept menyapu
swell swelled swollen, swelled membengkak
swim swam swum berenang
swing swung swung berayun
take took taken mengambil
teach taught taught mengajar
tear tore torn menangis
telecast telecast, telecasted telecast, telecasted siaran televisi
tell told told mengatakan, memberitahu
think thought thought berpikir
throw threw thrown membuang
thrust thrust thrust mendorong
tread trod trodden melangkah, menapakkan kaki
understand understood understood mengerti, memahami
wake woke, waked woken, waked bangun tidur, bangun
wear wore worn memakai, menggunakan
weave wove woven menenun
wed wed, wedded wed, wedded mengawinkan, menikahkan
weep wept wept menangis
wet wet, wetted wet, wetted membasahi
win won won menang
wind wound wound berangin
wring wrung wrung memeras
write wrote written menulis

Itulah tadi sejumlah kata kerja tidak teratur yang sering digunakan. Semoga bermanfaat!(AF)

Kata Kerja Tidak Teratur Bahasa Inggris & Artinya